Shoplifting and Theft

What is the difference?

Shoplifting is a form of theft, and there is little difference legally. Both offences are charged under Section 379 of the Penal Code, and are defined in Section 378 (below):

Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft.

What are movable properties?

Things that can be stolen include petty theft such as the belongings of others to shop stock, but can also include live animals (that the perpetrator caused to move e.g. by making dogs follow someone with bait), and large heavy objects (e.g. that move after removing an obstacle in its way).

Finding an object on the ground, and not in the possession of another person, is not grounds for theft. You will not be charged for picking up abandoned objects from the street (e.g. finding a $50 note or a ring on the floor).

However you will be charged with theft for accepting a gift you know to be someone else’s property (e.g. being offered the personal possessions of a woman, as a gift from her husband who you know has not been authorized to take her things – accepting the gift is theft). For further information, please contact your Singapore criminal lawyer.


Shoplifters and thieves may face prison for up to 3 years, or a fine, or both.

Should you have any questions or need legal advice or representation, kindly contact our criminal lawyers at Gloria James-Civetta & Co on 6337-0469 for a free consultation, or email to


Reckless or Fraudulent Trading

Want to know how to fulfil your statutory duties and to avoid criminal liability? It is recommended that you seek advice from our Singapore Commercial Lawyers at Gloria James-Civetta!

If in the winding up of a company or in any proceeding against the company…
Section 339(3) of the Companies Act

It appears that an officer of the company knowingly incurs debts where there is no reasonable expectation of repayment.

Who is an officer of the court?

  • Any director or secretary;
  • A person employed in an executive capacity;
  • A recivever annd manager of any part of the undertaking of the cooerperation
  • Any liquidator of a company appointed in a voluntary winding up.

Sentence: Fine not exceeding $15,000 and imprisonment for up to 7 years

Section 340(1) & (5) of the Companies Act

Any person who was knowingly a party to the carrying on of any business of the company…

  • With the intent to defraud creditors of the company;
  • With the intent to defraud creditors of any other person;
  • For any fraudulent purpose.

Sentence: Fine not exceeding $2,000 or imprisonment for up to 3 months.

Need help?

Are you facing criminal charges or under investigation? The trial process is often a mentally draining and challenging experience. You should seek a criminal defence lawyer to help you to present your case to the court in the best way possible. Not having a defence lawyer will put you at a great disadvantage. Should you have any questions or require legal representation, kindly contact Singapore criminal lawyers Gloria James-Civetta & Co on 6337-0469 for a free consultation, or email us at

Is intoxication a defence?

What happens if I committed an offence while intoxicated?

Let GJC Law explain.

Your criminal lawyer should tell you that the defence of intoxication can only be established if certain conditions are met. If made out, the defence of intoxication can be used for any criminal charge.


Under section 85 of the Penal Code, intoxication shall be a defence if, first, the Accused did not know that his act/omission was wrong OR did not know what he was doing, and second, his state of intoxication was caused without his consent by the malicious or negligent act of another person OR his intoxication led to insanity (temporarily or otherwise) at the time of his act/omission.

In the eyes of the law, intoxication includes a state produced by narcotics or drugs.


The effect of the defence of intoxication depends on which of the above conditions were met. This is set out in section 86 of the Penal Code.

If the Accused’s state of intoxication was caused without his consent by the malicious or negligent act of another person, the Accused shall be acquitted. If the Accused was by reason of intoxication, insane, temporarily or otherwise, at the time of such act or omission, the Court may determine that his unsoundness of mind results in no offence being committed and in such cases, the court may order that the Accused be kept in safe custody (e.g. psychiatric institution)


If you require assistance with any criminal matter, the criminal lawyers at Gloria James-Civetta are at hand. Our law firm is committed to giving clients sound legal advice. Please do not hesitate to contact us.

Should you have any questions or require legal representation, kindly contact Gloria James-Civetta & Co on 6337-0469 for a free consultation, or email to


Singapore Criminal Lawyers

Gloria James-Civetta & Co                                   Singapore Criminal Lawyers

Singapore Criminal Lawyers and Litigators

Whether you are charged with a traffic violation, white or blue collar crime, or assault charges, we provide experienced and determined defense representation

Our Singapore criminal defense lawyers, Amarjit Singh and Gloria James-Civetta, offer skilled and experienced representation to clients facing charges under the criminal court system.

It is important to seek legal advice immediately if you have been arrested or are under investigation for any criminal offense Gloria James-Civetta & Coin Singapore, whether the charges outrage of modesty, or assault related crimes.Contact our criminal lawyers. An experienced criminal lawyer will advise you on how you can deal with your case. Consultation is free.

Our firm has the resources and experienced personnel to represent clients against a wide range of criminal charges in Singapore`s court system.

For more information, visit our Singapore Criminal lawyer Blog

Singapore criminal lawyersAmarjit Singh, Gloria James-Civettaand Javern Sim defend clients against charges ranging from blue to white collar crimes, always with the same thorough preparation and aggressive trial presentation.

CONTACT US TODAY to learn more about how we can help you in your situation.

“When experience and results Matter”our experienced Singapore criminal lawyer team is ready to assist you in the following areas of criminal law:

If you or a loved one are underarrestor facing criminal investigation, contact The Law Offices Gloria James-Civetta & Co in Singapore to get the help you need.

Call 63370469 or emailour office today.

Facing Charges in Court? Here Is Why You Need Top Criminal Lawyers For Your Case.

Top criminal lawyers are sought after by people as they possess qualities of experience and more importantly a track record filled with successful results delivered to their clients. This is why they are in so much demand as they can be relied upon to find the best solutions and advice in criminal matters.

The main job of criminal law lawyers is to defend people in court who have been arrested and charged under any section of criminal law. Criminal lawyers are hired by the accused to argue and present their defence in front of the judge and to fight against the prosecution counsel hired by the state using legal provisions.

The first thing that a criminal lawyer will do is to apply and secure the release of the client if he or she has been arrested. A bail ensures that the accused does not have to spend time in jail during the length of the trial, though in the case of serious charges, bail might be a little difficult to obtain. Still, having top criminal lawyers by your side can increase the chances of securing a quick bail. Read more…

Am I eligible for Legal aid?

Legal aid Singapore

The Singapore Legal Aid Bureau handles many civil matters including divorce, adoptions, and claims for maintenance, custody of children, separation, wrongful dismissals, tenancy disputes, monetary claims, motor and industrial accident claims and estate matters BUT does not cover criminal matters.

Generally to qualify for legal aid, one must first fulfill these conditions

  1. the person must be a Singapore Citizen or a Singapore Permanent Resident and be present in Singapore;
  2. the person’s income for the past 12 months before the date of application for legal aid must not exceed $10,000
  3. the person’s disposable capital must not exceed $10,000; and
  4. There must be merits in the person’s case.

 The Director of Legal Aid has some discretion when it comes to cases of real hardship to extend assistance even if the person is not eligible under the income/disposal capital test.

Anyone facing capital charges in the High Court are ensured of free legal representation under the Legal Assistance Scheme for Capital Offences (‘LASCO’). No means test or other eligibility criteria is imposed.

The Law Society’s Criminal Legal Aid Scheme (“CLAS”) provides legal assistance to the needy that are can’t afford a lawyer, and are

  1. facing charges in a Singapore court for a non death-penalty offence; and
  2. Not pleading guilty.

Should you need legal representation, kindly contact Gloria James-Civetta & Co on 6337-0469 for a free consultation, or email to

Duties of a Criminal Lawyer in Singapore

criminal lawIn Singapore, Criminal lawyers carry the responsibility of representing persons who have been convicted of a crime. It is their duty to ensure that their client, guilty or not, get just and fair treatment under Singapore law.

The lawyer is their client`s voice when appearing before a judge. It is therefore very important that the criminal lawyer understand the law and any grey areas that accompany it so they can best represent their clients.

What to Take Into Consideration

You should take your time and research potential criminal lawyers by doing a simple internet search. From here you should be able to come up with a shortlist of lawyers who are suitably qualified to represent you in court.

An experienced will explain the law to you and recommend a clear plan to action. Your lawyers should be experienced in the field that you require and have the necessary representation and communication skills required to argue your case in the courtroom.

Good criminal lawyers will make themselves available to you in order for you to stay informed about any developments in your case. They understand your anguish.

What to Ask Your Lawyer

Before seeing your criminal lawyer you should write down a brief summary so that you lawyer can understand the nature of your criminal charges. Some points to write down are:

  • Date and time of the arrest
  • The circumstances leading to the arrest
  • What you are being accused of.
  • Who was involved and were there any witnesses?
  • What the charges against you are

Any documentation or information that can help your case should be forwarded to your criminal lawyer so that they can formulate the best course of action when representing you.

Should you have any questions or need legal representation please click here.

Hire Top Lawyer to Tackle Cases Easily

top Singapore law firmsIn the business world, one has to be very careful while taking important decisions. Your one reckless decision can cost the reputation of the business as well as the cost of the business. Singapore has been known to provide amazing opportunities for the business houses to succeed and generate high finances contributing in the country’s GDP. Even after being supportive for the business growth, Singapore has certain rules and regulations which are a must for business houses and small businesses to follow. If they will not follow them as per the law, they might be charged with penalty or punishment.

Under these circumstances the business houses and international companies are the major ones to face penalties and charges in Singapore due to the lack of proper knowledge about the law. If you are one of them or are thinking about starting a business in Singapore, top Singapore law firms are here to help you in the process. The top law firms have the best lawyers known in Singapore, experienced and well versed about the business law, civil laws applicable on all kinds of businesses, monitory investment and business licensing. Read more…

Hiring a Reliable Criminal Attorney to Defend You

Crime is a serious punishable offense and in case you’ve been proved accused, you too have all the rights to seek the legal counsel. Simply ask for a better lawyer while you are still questioned by police or anytime during the entire process. Apparently, in case you can’t afford to hire the best in business attorney from the top Singapore law firms in your town then don’t get disappointed. You can anytime ask the judge for a proper court-appointed attorney who can take care of your case very well. Otherwise, you will always be expected to pay for all the services of a criminal defense lawyer yourself.

Criminal Lawyer- Choose the Right Attorney at Job

In order to locate just the right criminal defense lawyer, simply look for someone who is actually familiar with any such type of case. A lawyer who was handling most of drunk-driving charges, may not be the right person to handle your charges regarding homicide or assault. Quite another factor that needs to be considered is whether the lawyer practices criminal defense in one particular court where you’ll be tried. In case you have been accused of a federal crime, one needs a lawyer who actually practices according to the federal court system. Read more….

How to Pick the Right Singapore Lawyer

law firm singaporeWhether you are facing criminal charges, drafting a will, buying real estate or getting a divorce, it is important to select the best Singapore law firm possible for your needs. These are some tips you can use to help you pick the right lawyer for you.

Hire an Honest lawyer

Many Singapore Law Firms offer initial consultations free of charge. You are urged to take up this offer. In this initial meeting you should be able to establish if the lawyer is honest and if he is familiar with the law field that you are in need of. Be sure you ask what kind of cases the lawyer has litigated in the past and present has litigated. Does he have specialist training? If your case is relating to divorce, does the lawyer have mediation skills? Is he a certified Collaborative Family Practitioner? Also, ask the lawyer about your chances of your case having a successful outcome. He should be forthcoming with the pros and cons of your case and if he does not bring this up he or she is probably not being totally honest. Please keep in mind that there are downsides and risks to every case.It is important that you feel secure in the knowledge that your lawyer honest and forthcoming. There is nothing worse than an incompetent charlatan lawyer.

Thorough and Responsive

In your initial meeting with the lawyer you should be able to pick up whether the lawyer is responsive to your questions and needs, this will help you to determine whether the lawyer is detail oriented. Your instincts should guide you.

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So you are looking for The Best Lawyer in Singapore?

Lawyer in SingaporeThe best place to start looking for a Singapore Lawyer is via an internet search. This way, you will be assured of being presented with a lawyer list with specialisation in your chosen are of law. Whilst looking for the right lawyer for you, the internet can be a great source of information in indicating what you should be looking out for. For example, some Singapore law firms offer a free 30-minute legal consultation on divorce and criminal matters.

You are now ready to do a shortlist of prospective lawyers that you will want to consult. During your initial sit-down with the lawyer, the following points will guide you well to choosing the best lawyer for your needs.

Who will I be handling my case? You don’t want to find a lawyer you really like only to discover that their support team is inexperienced and unresponsive.

What is your expertise? All lawyers admitted to the bar in Singapore are technically qualified to practice law but are they accredited specialistsor had further studies?

How much exposure &experience do you have working in my area of need? You certainly don’t want a criminal lawyer to handle your divorce matter.

What are the payment terms? If you’re paying a retainer hourly rate, you’ll need some indication of the cost range.

Is the lawyer addressing my concerns? A good lawyer will listen be focused on your situation and needs. They should not be addressing your emotional needs.

Finally, go with your gut feeling and choose the lawyer that you like and trust. Do not underestimate the importance personal chemistry. 

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Finding a Good Criminal Defence Lawyer in Singapore

 criminal Defense LawyersSadly, it is not generally simple to discover a good criminal lawyer. One facing criminal charges should take their time in choosing the right criminal lawyer.

Here are helping tips:

Referrals – It may be conceivable to discover a criminal lawyer from someone who is acquainted with the lawyer`s practice. For instance, if you have a law firm that you may deal with for other areas of law, they would surely know of Good criminal lawyers in the area.

Court Observation – You may wish to sit through some open sessions of court while criminal cases are being conducted on the off chance that you discover a specific lawyer`s execution to be noteworthy.

Referrals through legal clinics – Each local government constituency and/or community centres, have free legal advisors ready to recommend a good criminal lawyer in the general vicinity.

Registries – There are various online indexes which incorporate criminal lawyers, including the Law Society of Singapore.

After you have placed one or more lawyers in your short list for a discussion, you should try to talk with the criminal lawyer/attorney via telephone before booking the arrangement. Get some information about the lawyer`s general experience and possible angle of approach to your case, visit their website and do a name search to see what exposure they have.

Trust your impulses and go with your gut feeling, you have done all you can to ensure that you engage the services of a top divorce lawyer.

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