A “Child” or “Young Person” is defined by The Children and Young Persons Act (CYPA) as:
“Child” as being a person who is below the age of 14 years.
“Young person” as being a person who, is 14 years of age or above and below the age of 16.
A Juvenile Court comprises of the Magistrate and two Advisers. These Advisers are from a Panel of Advisers nominated by the President of the Republic of Singapore. These Advisers come from a cross section of society and professions including school principals, teachers, psychologists, doctors and business people.
The Juvenile Court tries criminal case committed by children or young person.
Types of Cases the Juvenile Court deals with
The Juvenile Court also deals with the following:
- Children who are Beyond Parental Control (BPC);
For BPC cases, the CYPA Act allows parents or guardians of a child or young erson to lodge complaints against their child/ children as being beyond their control. For the Court to grant a BPC Order, the parents or guardians must prove that the child or young person is beyond his/her control.
- Children who are in need of Care and Protection Order (CPO);
This Order is granted for children/young persons who are abused or neglected, assaulted, ill-treated, abandoned or exposed to unnecessary physical suffering or emotional injury.
Types of cases that involve Children / Young Persons
Youth-related crime includes:
- unlawful assembly; and
- gang activities
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